UNICEF is the United Nations institution which specializes in promoting the practice of children’s rights. All of its work is guided by the UN Convention of the Rights of the Child, the most widely adopted human rights treaty in history. It views child rights as an essential component of human development as foreseen in the United Nations Charter and the Millennium Development Goals.
At global level, UNICEF is the world’s leading advocate for children. At the grassroots level, it works with a variety of partners to improve child well-being and to provide all boys and girls with the chance to reach their full potential. While much of UNICEF’s work is concerned with meeting children’s basic needs in the poorest parts of the world, often in emergency conditions, it has a strong presence on the ground in 190 countries in all.
UNICEF is supported entirely by voluntary funds. Two-thirds of its funding comes from governments, and the remainder is raised from private groups and from individual donors by UNICEF’s National Committees. There are 36 National Committees for UNICEF in developed countries. These non-governmental organizations promote children’s rights, generate partnerships, collect donations and sell UNICEF greeting cards and products.
UNICEF’s work is supervised by a 36-member Executive Board made up of government representatives. This board establishes policies, approves programmes and decides on administrative and financial plans and budgets. The members of the Board are elected by the United Nations Economic and Social Council.
1)Lack of education due to the devastation caused by the wars in the Middle East
2) Addressing the issue of child soldiers